Both ancient and today documents talk about the enormous benefits of snail and their natural secretion. This one is used by snails for many reasons: As lubricant for their movements preventing damage from crawling on the ground; as protection from diseases because of the antibiotic effect and at last but not least as a physic barrier (epiphragm) when they are preparing for lethargy protecting themselves from other animals and from the wintriness. Snails, besides being the symbol of the transition in the human history from hunt to farm as the first example of the systemic food production were considered like “moving pharmacies”.
Reading the publications of many historical scholars from the past as Ippocrate, Galeno, Plinio the old and Plinio the young, we can understand how much this mollusks were valued more like medicament than nourishment. Those scholars were the first writing down on paper what for many years was handed down just orally. Some examples of ancient use of snail secretion are the findings of galenic preparations as creams, ointments and syrups. More recently, the numerous discoveries on snails conducted by researchers from all over the world, were based on the preliminary observation of these animals in relation to the surrounding environment and on the subsequent with the correlation between environmental hostilities and the endogenous production of substances, structures and defensive mechanisms that characterize the precious base of natural compounds. For example, what stimulates the curiosity of researchers was how snails were the only living form nearly Chernobyl that were not exposed to genetic mutations as a consequence of the very powerful radiations released in the sadly known nuclear accident.
The slime of the snail was the object of many experiments that permitted the detection of seven different natural molecules, which exhaustively explain all the properties attributed to it in centuries of history:
- LECTINS: Those proteic-macromolecules secreted by the albumine gland are powerful antibiotic: their action is very close to the streptomycin’s one. Lectins are also known to play an important role in the immune system. Within the innate immune system, lectins help mediate the first-line defense against invading microorganisms.
- ALLANTOIN (C4H6N4O3): Acknowledged by the European and British pharmacopoeia as a dermatologically agent is classified by “FDA” as a skin protector. Allantoin enhance the proliferation of fibroblast and the consequent synthesis of the extracellular matrix. In addition, it stimulates tissue regeneration replacing dead cells with new cells.
- ELASTIN: It predominantly contains aminoacids as valine, alanine and proline. Elastin is one of the constituent protein of the connective tissue. It is the most elastic protein and allows many different human organic tissues to come back in the original position when stretched or contracted. It is easy to understand how much elastin is important for our skin.
- COLLAGEN: It is the main protein of animal’s connective tissue (including human) and the more aboundant (25% of the total protein’s mass), it represents more or less 6% of the total body-weight. The functions of this protein are different according to the different kind of known collagens in literature (28). Some example are: to sustain blood vessels including peripheral capillaries or to reinforce skin.
- GLYCOLID ACID (C2H4O3): Structurally the smallest α-hydroxyacid the glycolic acid has an excellent capacity of penetrating the deepest layer of the skin sown to the epidermis basal layer. This ability allows the glycolic acid to undermine the binding properties of lipids that keep close the dead epithelial cells.
- VITAMIN “C” (L-Ascorbic acid, C6H8O6): It is important for the correct founding of the immune system and for the endogenous synthesis of collagen. Moreover it performs an antihistaminic action and takes part in many redox-catalyzed reactions.
- VITAMIN “E” (Tocopherol): It is a very powerful basic antioxidant for the prevention of oxidation of polysaturated acids. This is a key event for the process of lipidic peroxidation where free radicals start a chain reaction. Vitamin “E” stop this phenomenon. Considering that lipidic peroxidation pattern is a way for deep cellular alteration, we can easily understand why tocopherol is critical for the sustain of cellular structures.
- NUTRITIVE AND RELAXING ACTION: Elastin and Collagen together make skin tissue more elastic, tonic and soft. They allow the skin to endure mechanical actions such us stretching and contraction that characterize all the voluntary movements in a better way. Moreover, they counteract the formation of stretch marks and the attenuation for the ones already present, making them less visible.
- REGENERATING ACTION: Allantoin allows the acceleration of all the physiological process of the epidermis turnover. This enables the tissue reparation erasing all signs like scars, burns and other skin imperfection. Furthermore, allantoin slows down the progressive process of cellular aging through reabsorption of skin’s spots and wrinkles.
- EXFOLIATING ACTION: Glycolic acid, penetrating deep into the skin’s layers, it allows the separation of the dead epithelial cells. This process restores the skin brightness and reduces the skin’s discoloration.
- PURIFYING ACTION: the numerous Peptides with the coadjutant presence of glycolic acid, perform a film-forming action preventing the accumulation of impurities. Also, it grants the removal of the ones already present resulting helpful to counteract acne and all the irritation that acne causes.
- MOISTURIZING ACTION: Mucopolysaccharides like allantoin and vitamin “C” make the skin healthier by oxygenating and hydrating the tissues. These effects give immediately a freshness feeling
- ANTIOXYDATING ACTION: Vitamin “E” counteracts the free radical’s action with an anti-aging effect supporting and protecting the hydrating action of other snail secretion’s components.
Apply in the interested skin area and massage until complete absorption.
Apply only on clean and dry skin.
These products are not greasy.
According to different skin’s kinds, we recommend not to exceed three applications per day, at least four hours apart from each other. Do not exceed the recommended doses or decrease the applications if a dehydrated state occur due to the water osmotic effect.
Thanks to the described properties and the very high concentration of active molecules, it is possible to feel a tensor effect. Half an hour after application, you can feel indeed the skin “works”. This feeling is more or less perceptible according to different skin’s kinds.